BIOTECHNOLOGY:

The science of the selection and the application of living microorganisms for purposes that is beneficial for mankind and the environment.

BACTERIA:

Bacteria are any of a group of diverse and ubiquitous prokaryotic, single-cell microorganisms.

SPORE:

A spore is the dormant or inactive stage that some bacteria can temporarily assume.

ENZYME (a non-living chemical catalyst):

Enzymes are proteins produced by living organisms (i.e. bacteria) that function as catalysts in assisting chemical processes such as digestion or degradation of organic waste.

While bacteria metabolise a wide variety of organic material, enzymes are substrate specific. For example:

Protease enzymes catabolises (breaks down) protein

Amylase enzyme breaks down starch and carbohydrate

Lipase enzyme breaks down fat and grease

Cellulase enzyme breaks down cellulose

Urease enzyme breaks down urea

 

BIODEGRADATION SUMMARY:

Introducing selected, naturally occurring, non-pathogenic, bacteria (which produce enzymes) to organic waste is a safe, environmentally responsible method of augmenting and accelerating nature’s own biodegradation process.

In the natural environment, both bacteria and enzymes play a significant part in biodegradation. Bacteria produce the enzymes essential for metabolising the food source (organic waste) into energy necessary for further growth of the living organism. The enzymes facilitate the phase of metabolism in which complex compounds are broken into simpler ones (catabolism). This in turn speeds the process of converting the food source into an available energy supply for the bacteria.

A reasonable period of time after introducing specially selected bacteria into a water medium containing organic waste, the spores will vegetate (transform from dormant to active), produce specific enzymes and degrade or digest the available organic waste. The introduced microorganisms are capable of exponential growth, doubling in number every twenty to thirty minutes. The by-products of this bacteria / enzyme activity are H2O and CO2.

By adding specially selected strains of Bacillus bacteria to organic waste, the following beneficial results can be achieved:

-          Reduction of bod (biological oxygen demand)

-          Reduction of cod (chemical oxygen demand)

-          Reduction of ss (suspended solids)

Foul odours and noxious gases are reduced by eliminating their source (organic waste).

The bacterial concentrates used are not genetically engineered or altered. They are naturally occurring found in water and soil. They were carefully selected because they are:

-          Safe and stable

-          Non-pathogenic

-          Non-toxic

-          Facultative (capable of growth with or without oxygen)

-          Vigorous enzymes producers

-          Logarithmic reproduction, doubling in number every 30 minutes